Located just inland from the Aegean coast in western Turkey, this ancient ruined city was once one of the most important ports of the Greek and Roman world. In Ephesus, which was classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2015, visitors can walk along cobblestone lanes, watch the ongoing archaeological excavation and restoration, admire its magnificent theater and the façade of the Celsus Library, and learn about the history of Mediterranean civilizations here.
Although parts of Ephesus have been destroyed over the centuries, many layers of history can still be seen today in one of the largest Roman archaeological sites in the Eastern Mediterranean. Archaeological excavations continue: Ephesus in its heyday had a population of about 55,000, but only 20 percent of the city has been excavated so far.
How to get there?
The closest major city to Ephesus is Ýzmir, which is the third largest city in Turkey and 80 km to the north. Flights from other parts of Turkey (such as Istanbul) frequently fly to Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport. Some airlines offer shuttles to Selcuk, which opens to Ephesus, for passengers, while some accommodation places can arrange shared or private transfers.
What is the best time to visit the ancient city of Ephesus?
The ancient city of Ephesus is home to many historical artifacts that you should visit outdoors. Due to its location on Turkey's coastline, it has a very hot and humid weather in the summer months. If you have the opportunity, it will be the best option to visit in April - May - June - September - October. In these months, the season will not burn you and you will not be cold.